Each country has slightly different rules coming into force at different times. This guide attempts to unravel the legislation and clear the confusion.
In England, the new rules come into effect on July 1 and companies flouting them face fines of up to £2,500.
All enclosed public places and workplaces will become smoke-free from that day – including company cars, pool and hire cars – under the 2006 Health Act.
The legislation will make it an offence for those who control or manage smoke-free premises to fail to stop people smoking in them. ‘No smoking’ signs will have to be displayed.
Where a vehicle is used as a workplace by more than one person, regardless of whether they are in the vehicle at the same time, it will have to be smoke-free at all times. This is meant to protect people who use the vehicle from second-hand smoke, regardless of when they use the vehicle.
Drivers of convertible cars will be exempt as long as the roof is down when they or their passengers are smoking.
Smoking will be allowed in vehicles that are for the sole use of the driver and are not used by anyone else, either as a driver or passenger.
Even if all the people using a shared car are smokers, the legislation requires them not to smoke in the car.
However, the regulations do not extend to private vehicles used for business purposes.
Under the act, employers, managers and those in charge of smoke-free premises and vehicles will need to:
The Government has proposed that local authorities will enforce smoke-free legislation, although the Government acknowledges that this legislation will be largely self-enforcing.
The proposed penalties are:
#AM_ART_SPLIT# There will be an 0800 telephone number to report smoking offences and enforcement officers will work with businesses in the lead-up to implementation to ‘build understanding of the requirements of the legislation’ and will be on duty to ensure compliance is maintained once the legislation comes into force next summer.
For more information, go to www.smokefreeengland.co.uk.
Scotland’s laws came into force in July last year, but are markedly different from England’s when it comes to vehicles. Anyone flouting the laws could face a fixed penalty notice of £200 or be prosecuted and face a fine of up to £2,500.
All cars, whether used for business or private purposes, are exempt from the law, with the exception of taxis. Company cars are therefore not affected and nor are leased cars.
However, all other vehicles, such as vans and lorries, used primarily for business purposes and any public transportation vehicles are affected.
Even if the driver is on his or her own in the van, if it is used by more than one person for work then it is included in the law.
The rules also apply to vans travelling into Scotland from England. Regardless of origin, non-smoking vehicles travelling north of the border should already have no smoking signs on display.
‘No Smoking’ signs should be displayed in or on any vehicles that are affected by the ban so that they can be seen and read by people both in the vehicle and approaching it. There is no legal requirement on the size of the signs but they must:
The rules state that ashtrays should not be present in a no-smoking premises. Whether or not this covers no-smoking vehicles is unclear. The Scottish Executive was unable to confirm at the time of going to press.
The Welsh legislation is broadly similar to that applying to England, but comes into force earlier, on April 2 this year.
The rules on which vehicles are exempt and which are the same as in England, although the exact details on penalties won’t be known until the legislation is ratified by Parliament.
Legislation comes into force from April 30. Exact details of which vehicles will be affected are still in draft stage at the moment and will be ratified at the beginning of March.
However, a spokesman for the Health Promotion Agency said they were expected to be very similar to the English and Welsh rules.